What is HIV fever?
Like many viruses, HIV may have various modes of affecting different individuals. If anyone contracts HIV they may experience symptoms that are chronic or intermittent. Its symptoms may also be mild or extreme.
Their overall health, their HIV level, and the measures they take to treat their condition may all have an effect on their symptoms.
Fever is one of the probably the most common symptoms of HIV. Fever happens when the temperature of the body is above average. Several different causes can be causing fever associated with HIV. Here are some of the possible causes and when a person should seek treatment for fever.
What causes fevers related to HIV?
HIV patients may develop fever for a variety of reasons. They can develop fever as a part of an adverse drug reaction. Often, fevers may be a symptom of several different HIV conditions, such as flu.
Other causes may include:
Someone who has just contracted HIV is known to be in the initial infection process. This stage is also referred to as acute or primary infection with HIV.
A person with HIV will probably start showing symptoms of HIV within two to four weeks of contracting it. One of the first symptoms that they encounter may be recurrent or persistent fevers. Further signs can also follow their fever, such as:
- swollen lymph nodes
- night sweats
- sore throat
Fevers are a normal immune response to infection by viruses. If anyone has an acute HIV infection, constant fever is an indication that their immune system still has a reasonably good working out.
If anyone has suffered with HIV for a longer period of time or developed stage 3 HIV, called AIDS, recurrent fevers may be a sign of an opportunistic infection.
An opportunistic infection caused by a compromised immune system is one that happens. This will fight off many diseases when the immune system is strong. It may be less able to fight off some bacteria , viruses and fungi when it’s affected by HIV. As a result, an HIV-positive can develop an opportunistic infection.
There are various types of opportunistic infections. They can vary from extremely bad to minor. Examples may include:
- some types of bronchitis
- cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- herpes simplex
- candidiasis, also known as thrush
- herpes esophagitis
An efficient immune system can search for and kill some forms of cancer before it can develop and cause problems. Such types of cancerTrusted Source can grow and proliferate without detection with an inadequate immune system. HIV-positive people are at a higher risk of contracting some cancers that can cause fever.
Some cancers may include:
- cervical cancer
- Kaposi sarcoma (KS)
- lung cancer
- prostate cancer
- anal cancer
How long will a fever last?
A fever period will depend on its origin, and on the measures taken to control it.
The initial stage of HIV will last months through years. An individual can experience occasional fevers during that time span, which last anywhere from two to four weeks.
If a fever is associated with an opportunistic infection, its duration may depend on the type of infection, the care that a person receives and the general state of the infection.
If a drug induces a fever, its duration may depend on the medicine, how long someone is taking it, and the general state of the patient.
When should someone go to see a healthcare provider?
Much of the fevers aren’t severe and resolve alone. But fever can in some cases be a symptom of a serious condition that needs care. A health care provider can help diagnose someone who is causing a fever and recommend effective medication.
If anyone believes that they have been exposed to HIV, they should make an appointment with their provider of health care and inquire for HIV testing. It may be a sign of an acute HIV infection if they develop persistent fevers or unspecific symptoms.
If anyone has already been diagnosed with HIV, they can schedule an appointment with their health care provider as soon as they develop a fever. It may be a symptom of an occasional illness or issues with their drug regimen. Their condition could get worse if left untreated.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC), one reason it is important to stick to an HIV medication regimen — and examine any possible problems — is that people with undetectable viral load are unable to transmit HIV. The concept of an undetectable viral load is less than 200 copies of HIV RNA per milliliter (mL) of blood. Antiretroviral drugs can do this.
How will a healthcare provider treat a fever?
Hydration and rest are in many cases all that is required to relieve fever. Another medication may also be prescribed by a healthcare provider, depending on the severity and origin. They may prescribe over-the-counter medicine, for example, such as tenvir, acetaminophen ( Tylenol), or ibuprofen ( Advil, Motrin).
If someone is infected with an opportunistic infection, their health care provider can prescribe antivirals, antibiotics or other medication. If they think the medicine is triggering somebody’s fever, they should change the drug dosage.
The outlook of a person depends upon the severity of the fever and its source. Early diagnosis and treatment will, in many ways, help to change a person’s perspective. An individual with HIV fever should request more information from a health care provider about their medical condition, treatment options, and outlook. When purchasing medicine online, we recommend safe healths pharmacy it is a trusted online pharmacy.